What makes a great yoga teacher? A great yoga student.

Since opening Nandi Yoga in 2008, I’ve seen a dramatic increase in the number of people training to become yoga teachers.  This is partially due to more people practicing, but also because there are a lot more programs out there.  On one hand, the good news is that there are a lot more options for taking yoga classes (and more teachers)! On the other, the challenge for instructors is that there are more teachers out there and the competition is fierce (especially in the Bay Area).

Nandi does train teachers, although it wasn’t our original intent.  We knew which programs (both locally and around the world) were a great fit for the yoga we wanted to offer and consistent with our core values.  We planned on filling our teacher slots with graduates of these programs. However, once we opened our doors, we started getting inquiries from graduates of other programs who wanted to teach, so we auditioned people beyond the programs we originally targeted in search of great teachers.  Not everyone was ready to teach – some needed more time to hone their skills and others needed practice with the basics of teaching itself.

There are countless reasons why some emerge from trainings ready to go and others not, but I believe one factor is key – one’s practice.  In the old days, students would study for many years (usually with the same teacher) before undertaking a training.  This gave them time to learn how yoga impacted their bodies (physical, energetic, mental and spiritual) – a crucial step before one starts to think about how yoga could affect their students.  Nowadays, students can enter training programs without a well-established practice (and often look towards the training to help them advance as students).  In my opinion, it’s putting the cart before the horse. What’s the rush?

Yoga is a multi-faceted and amazingly complex discipline.  Some postures take years to master but doing a one-armed handstand doesn’t make a person a great student or a great teacher.  Students who want to become teachers need to first learn about the different aspects of yoga, including asana (poses), pranayama (breathing), meditation and philosophy and figure out what works for them. Underlying it all is one’s practice.  The more established a person can be in their practice, the more they can use what they learn on their mat to support and help others.  The learning doesn’t stop when a training ends, either.  The best yoga teachers consider themselves lifelong students.


Do you really need a long practice (Part II)?

When I was in a yin teacher training with Sarah Powers, she recalled how Paul Grilley first started teaching yin yoga.  He was running classes that were over two hours long and wondered why he wasn’t getting a lot of students.  Who has the time?  Who makes the time?  Eventually classes became shorter and yin took off.  I always share this story in our teacher-training program because it highlights the fact that yoga needs to adapt to the needs to the student and most students don’t have 120 minutes to practice on a given day.

But think about it.  Two hours to immerse yourself in slow and methodical journey inwards in order to unwind seems like a true luxury.  Nowadays, if you want a two-hour or longer practice, you need to do back-to-back practices or take a workshop.   For most people, this is too great a time commitment and for yoga studios, there just are not enough students to fill the class.

In fact, the opposite is happening, as there is a growing trend of one-hour yoga classes and some shorter than that. As I wrote in my last blog, some studios are offering even shorter classes by either removing warm up periods or parts of sequences or the savasana at the end to cool down and reflect. You can only do so much in a one-hour class, especially if you want to include advanced poses that require more preparation.  These classes and studios always rubbed me as the wrong way to do it and I resisted.

But then I thought, “we’ve always offered one-hour classes at lunchtime.” But they were fixed sequences – a modified primary series from the Ashtanga school and a Spiritual Warrior from Jivamukti.  Both of these sequences have been practiced and tested for many years and they make sense.

I resisted adding more one-hour classes because I thought tradition dictated that both students and teachers needed more time to get the full effects of an asana practice.

And yet, in my personal practice, I didn’t always practice for 90 minutes or even 60 minute.  Most days I hit the mat early in the morning and sometimes I’ll practice a longer sequence and sometimes a shorter one (depending upon how my body feels, whether I was teaching that day, what time I started and how packed my day would be).  I would see how much time I have and then I would mentally construct a practice that made sense – whether that is 30 minutes or two hours.

So the issue wasn’t the length of the practice (although over time a 75 minute session allows for a more complete practice for intermediate and advanced students).  The issue is in the construction of the practice for whatever time was available and to make sure its well thought through and complete.

So, we are now creating classes for our community with the goal that every 60-minute offering includes all of the components of a longer class – no shortcuts allowed (be it adding high heat to emulate a warmed-up body, racing through the sequence to cram a lot of poses in or skipping savasana).  Each class is a complete practice with some moving at a faster pace for more advanced students and some with a more measured pace and fewer postures.

As noted in my previous blog, I believe it is more important to be consistent and practice more often with shorter sequences versus coming once a week to a longer one. Regardless of whether you prefer shorter or longer classes, any time on your mat is a good thing.

Do you really need a long practice?

When I began practicing yoga back in 1994, most classes were pretty long. You would find the occasional one-hour class, but most traditional yoga centers offered primarily 90 minute classes.  More and more people are now doing yoga and shorter classes are on the rise, with some chains only exclusively one hour classes.  I’ve even seen a studio advertising asana classes as short as 25 minutes!

Does it matter how long you practice for?  Is a longer practice better?

In short, I don’t think so.  What you want is consistency.  Yoga is experential – you need to practice it to order to really learn it.   One of my teachers, Larry Schultz, used to advocate for a minimum daily requirement for asana practice – within an hour of waking up, get your mat and do a minimum of 10 minutes of yoga (he preferred 3-5 Sun Salutation A’s and 3-5 Sun Salutation B’s).  He believed that doing this 6 times a week was better and a one hour class once a week and I agree.  Learn a short sequence you can do at home and be consistent.

No matter how long you practice for, try as best as you can to be fully present.  Whenever you are on your mat, stayed focused on your practice.  Last time Ben Thomas was at Nandi, he said that it was his duty to give all the students there his full attention and he required theirs in return.  Set aside whatever tasks you need to complete or whatever burning issues you have on your plate and stay connected in body, breath and mind.  Notice the effects each pose has on your body so you can fine tune your practice to support what you need that day.

And remember, be compassionate and patient.  It takes time to develop strength, flexibility, proprioception, and awareness within the body (and mind) so be patient with yourself.

So, yes, do shorter practices if it means you practice more frequently.  In the long run, having this consistency combined with mindfulness and patience will serve you well.

What do you give up with a shorter practice if anything?

Some yoga styles require a greater time commitment as these classes are designed to help take the body deeper, whether it’s to relax and unwind fully in a restorative sequence or to prepare the body to do extremely challenging poses which often require more opened joints.  Furthermore, slower classes (which are often longer) can challenge the body in new ways – focusing on transitions using muscular engagement versus momentum.  So longer classes and even workshops have their place and it’s worth considering adding these to your schedule every once in a while (or more often should your schedule permit).

The key is practice so get out there and make it happen.

Ten Years On and A New Beginning


It is hard to believe that we signed the lease for the space that has become Nandi Yoga almost 10 years ago.  After practicing and teaching for nearly a decade at studios all over the world, I came to the realization that I wanted to create a place where everyone could experience yoga – from little kids to seniors who still see themselves as youthful – all of whom have the excitement and passion to explore and learn.

It started with a few courageous teachers and students – Jennifer, Tiffany, Lauren, Nicole, and Joann, to name a few.  We offered flow yoga in adult and kids classes.  We tried Iyengar multiple times but it really caught on when Birgit joined and showed us the way.  Giselle brought us love and light with Jivamukti and now Sadhana Flow. Nicole helped us unwind with restorative, and Louis showed us how to connect with our core. We are experimenting with meditation and Kirtan. Our community has grown so much. Not everything will work at times, but we’ll keep at it and learn and evolve.

As we grew, we auditioned many new teachers who were not as prepared to teach as we liked, so we created our own intern program. Eventually, we started to run our own teacher trainings that combine philosophy, sequences, and real world practice so new teachers are ready to teach all of these things with compassion and precision.

We found ways to improve our practice rooms, from size to decoration to stereo systems to AC. Climate change is advancing, so we are now re-thinking how we will handle weather extremes without changing our commitment to green energy. The world might be changing, but our core values will remain the same.

A lot has happened over the past ten years, but our desire to stay centered to our values while adapting remains a constant. Our community has embraced this approach and encouraged us to continue along our vision. Many have told us that we need to do a better job of explaining who we are and what we are about, so, after ten years, today we are launching our new website – to share the story of Nandi. It’s the story of how all of us have grown and changed over time – just like life, growing and sometimes beginning anew – and we are excited to see what the future will bring.

Sharing the pain and spreading the love

The massive wildfires that spread quickly across the North Bay were on everyone’s minds over the past week.  Even if you didn’t have family or friends living up there, you were reminded every time you took a step outside and felt it in the air.  It felt another huge weight placed on our shoulders and a deep stab in our hearts after the tragedies of Las Vegas, Hurricane Harvey and Hurricane Irma (not to mention all of the other deeply unsettling news around our country and the world).

So what as yogis can we do?

First, be there for one another – reach out within your community and take the extra step of extending compassion to everyone around you.  Maybe it’s in a yoga class or on the highway in traffic.  Recognize that we are all affected by what happens around us and no one minds a little extra kindness (and sometimes that kindness is just what they need).

Second, do something to help those who have lost so much.  It’s comforting to those in need to know that we share their pain but it’s not enough.  As Albert Schweitzer famously said, “the purpose of human life is to serve and to show compassion and the will to help others.”  It doesn’t have to be big – go give blood or bring food to a food bank.  Look in your closets and donate those things you really don’t need that can help a family rebuild their lives.  But do something.

Click here for those affected by the fires and here for the those affected by the hurricanes.


Disempower to empower

Every Saturday I get up at 6 am and head down to San Mateo to open up the studio and teach at 7:30 am.  As much as I hate to admit it, I’m a creature of habit.  I head first Noah’s (often on my bike) and grab a decaf coffee to bring to class.  I’ll often grab a bagel to eat at the studio, especially if I’m planning on staying at work after my class.  There’s rarely anytime to stop and more often than not, I’m very conscious of the time and try to be as efficient as possible.

Today, I decided to slow down and take the time to eat my bagel and drink my coffee before rushing back to the studio to check in my class.  No sooner did I sit down outside when I heard a leaf blower cleaning off the sidewalks.

Normally, I would have gotten annoyed by that noise pollution at 6:35 am on the very day I wanted to take a few moments and sit quietly to prepare for the day.    But I’ve been thinking a lot lately about how my meditation and yoga practice help me avoid knee jerk reactions and decided to ponder the situation and take it as a learning opportunity.

Over the past few weeks, I’ve been reading Why Buddhism is True by Robert Wright and he suggest that a key goal of mindfulness meditation is learn how learn how to translate whatever distracting thoughts pop into your head into feelings.  You then observe those feelings and even feel yourself experience them.  This step often helps give you perspective to realize it’s just a feeling – by acknowledging it you can see if for what it is (a distraction) and can often detach from it or disempower it.

I was reminded of a lecture that Julia Butterfly Hill gave at Nandi a while back on dealing with a medical condition that often caused her a lot of pain.  She initially fought it and got overwhelmed when her symptoms took a turn for the worse.  As expected, it was something she dreaded.  However, over time she started acknowledging the pain when it hit, accepting it, and in turn, it lost its power of her.

Now listening to a leaf blower is no big deal – it’s a minor inconvenience at most.  But progress is progress and it was still an opportunity for me to learn how to let  a distraction go.  Annoyances in life – whether a brief moment in time or a long term challenge – serve no good purpose so learning to disengage from them helps us to hone our focusing (and ultimately our meditating) skills.

I stayed where I was amidst the droning of the motor and swirling of the leaves, let the distractions fade into the background, and enjoyed my coffee.Unknown-4.jpeg

How much is enough?

“By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.” Benjamin Franklin

There’s been a lot of debate lately about whether a 200 hour teacher training program is adequate to properly train new yoga teachers.  This comes in part from the proliferation of yoga centers offering basic trainings using standards set up by Yoga Alliance along with a dramatic increase in the number people becoming certified.  Are these basic trainings enough to prepare people to teach yoga?

In general, the answer is probably not: first, it’s much more common for students to take the training with a lot less yoga experience than in years past and second, learning and training to teach yoga well takes a lot of time (well beyond the minimum standards set by the industry).  Jason Crandell and I discussed this issue when he was addressing Nandi Yoga’s training program last summer and we both agreed – 200 hours is simply not enough.

Yoga teachers traditionally spent many years studying with a guru before being approved to teach.  But the market is vastly different now – potential teachers have many more choices on where to train and most programs do not require proficiency in the practice beforehand.  For those wanting to teach, it’s tempting to get started as soon as possible.  But take the time to do your homework and ask yourself two questions: first, am I really ready and prepared to do undertake a training successfully, and second, does this training give me what I need to become a successful teacher.

Your personal practice is the most important key to your ability to lead others in yoga as a new teacher.  For the most part, you will teach what you have learned on your mat.  You need to understand the effects the various aspects of yoga (including asana, pranayama, and meditation) on you personally before you can start to explore how they may affect and transform others.  Without this experience, the training is more theoretical and will give you limited insight.

It’s hard to measure what this means in terms of time – someone who has practiced once a week for 10 years may have a much more limited understanding than one who has practiced every day for a year.  In addition, one’s background can greatly impact how quickly one can pick up the material; those who have a background in dance or sports may already have developed a sense of proprioception and be keenly aware quickly of the physical aspects of the practice early on.

If you are taking a training to teach (versus deepening your practice), do your homework before committing to a program.  The standards set by Yoga Alliance are pretty broad and teaching centers have a lot of latitude in how they address core subjects and what they focus on.  If you find a training that appeals to you, talk to people who have graduated from the program to understand how advanced the trainees were with their personal practice at the start of training and how prepared they felt upon graduation to teach so you can get a better sense of whether you are ready to jump in.  I’ve loved and benefitted from the three big trainings I’ve completed but only one really focused on teaching skills; I don’t think the other two would have truly prepared me to teach well as a new teacher despite learning a lot of really interesting things about yoga.

The next step is to develop a plan for how you will continue to hone your skills upon completion.  Ideally your 200 hour training will support these longer term plans, whether it’s an internship, opportunities to sub classes or marketing on their website.  If you are planning on training out of town, talk to local studios or places you may want to teach when you return to understand what they are looking for in teachers and what experience they’ve had working with graduates of the training.

At Nandi Yoga, our graduates go straight into an internship right after graduation, assisting in regular classes each week, teaching community classes and attending sessions to learn hands on adjustments – this is where our graduates really hone their skills and get great experience teaching students (versus fellow trainees).

Learning how to teach well takes time and a lot of practice.  But you want to start your teaching career with the right foundation: a solid yoga practice at the start, a training that gives you the tools to lead students in sustainable, engaging and mindful class, and a game plan on how you can continue to develop your skills to become a truly great yoga teacher.